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Agro Ecological Farming For Sustainable Agriculture

Agricultural Systems in Uganda

The various agricultural systems in Uganda are largely a product of several factors that govern land use. The physical factors namely; rainfall distribution/water availability, soils and landforms; social economic factors such as population influence farming systems.

The farming systems and their environments are always changing, and have undergone profound changes in recent years by being increasingly dependent on health-harming pesticides and other chemical inputs that degrade soil, threaten pollinator populations and pollute water, therefore Scaling-up agroecological approaches can significantly contribute to achieving sustainable agriculture and food systems without compromising biodiversity and the protection of natural resources.

What is Agro Ecology?

• Agroecology is a technique of sustainable farming that focuses on utilizing natural resources comprehensively without letting them be susceptible to damage.
• Agroecology entails sustainable methods of production, processing and marketing of food, environmentally friendliness, health and people focus.
• Agroecology seeks to optimize the relationships and interactions between animals, plants, people, and the environment while addressing social issues for a fair and sustainable food system.
• Agroecology seeks to change the input-intensive and environmentally harmful practices and services to renewable, eco-friendly, and naturally sourced practices.
• Agro Ecology involves various methods to improve agricultural practices. One of which is Integrated Soil Fertility Management, which relies on the combination of mineral and organic fertilizer to achieve optimum soil health.

Why engage in Agro Ecology?

• Improves health and nutrition through more diverse, nutritious and fresh diets and reduced incidence of pesticide poisonings and pesticide-related diseases
• Conserves biodiversity and natural resources such as soil organic matter, water, crop genetic diversity and natural enemies of pests
• Mitigates effects of climate change, involves using efficient processes that reduce the inputs of industrial products and their adverse effects.
• Improves economic stability, farmers can instantly develop better solutions to improve their environmental and economic pressures. Agroecological farmers experience lower economic losses than conventional farmers.
• Improved resilience a greater capacity to recover from disturbances including extreme weather events such as drought, floods, pests and diseases.
• Innovation and Knowledge generation, stimulates innovation and adoption of new indigenous knowledge among farming communities.

Compiled by
Farm Kiosk Agronomist

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